DEET (N, N-diethyl-meta-toluamide)
is an ingredient used in insect repellent to prevent and repel bites from insects like mosquitoes, biting flies, ticks, and other bugs. DEET can be used in the form of a spray, lotion, or stick and should be applied directly onto the skin. After the DEET product has been applied, a vapor will guard the body from intruding insects. This vapor will cause confusion among the insects and they will not have the ability to pinpoint where their hosts are. Be aware of high concentrations of DEET, as they can be harmful to a person’s health.
Permthrin, although it is widely recognized as an insect repellent, it is actually an insecticide. The chemical will cause death upon insects such as ticks, mosquitoes, and chiggers once they come in contact with the chemical. Permethrin cannot be applied directly to the skin because the chemical will not be active against insects. Permethrin may be applied onto clothes, outdoor gear, bedding, etc. Once clothing and gear has been treated with permethrin, the effects of the chemical will last for several weeks and can endure weekly washes. Permethrin is also used in another form to treat scabies and head lice.
Essential Oils can be helpful in repelling insects for a short period of time and must be used in small doses no more than 10%. The effects of essential oils will usually last for a total of 30 minutes or less at a time. There is an immense amount of essential oils to choose from but generally the most used oils are citronella, clove, rosemary, lemongrass, tea tree, Eucalyptus, cedar, catnip, lavender, and mint.
Picaridin is a chemical used to repel mosquitoes, ticks, chiggers, and other insects. It was first used in Europe and then in America during the early 2000’s. Picaridin can be used on both clothing and skin, and is produced in multiple forms such as a pump spray, liquid form, aerosol, or wipes. This chemical will not kill insects, but is used as a preventative tool to avoid insect bites.
Many repellents are used in the form of a spray. The safest formulas to use are either water-based or have a low percentage of alcohol. Many DEET product sprays are packaged with a high percentage of alcohol, which can shorten the effects of the repellent and can also cause skin irritation if it is used frequently.
Repellents are also produced in the form of lotions. The chemicals in a lotion repellent are 50% more effective when compared to spray repellents and lotion repellent is also kind to the skin.
A controlled release repellent uses the active ingredient DEET, and will allow a small amount of the chemical to be absorbed into the skin at a slow rate.
Mulch Barriers are borders of cut grass covering the perimeter of a lawn and the cut grass is then covered in wood chips. The most popular mulch barriers used is cedar wood. Cedar wood chips are helpful in repelling ticks and insects. Ticks are not able to pass the barriers, but can cross over while being carried on a host. It is important to keep the grass from growing higher than the barrier of wood chips protecting the lawn.
Tick Tubes are made with a cotton nesting inside that is preserved with permethrin. The cotton nesting in each tube will attract infected mice carry Lyme disease, which will then stop ticks from feeding and becoming infected with the disease as well. Tick tubes will aid in the number of infected ticks in your yard, preventing the spread of Lyme disease.